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Making Texas Count - Census 2020

April 1,2020

Countdown to Census Day

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Once each decade, America comes together to count every person in the United States. The next count will take place April 1, 2020. The decennial census is the nation’s largest peacetime effort in American history. As the 2nd largest state in the union, we must make sure Texas counts!
  • It’s about representation.

    Between 2000 and 2010, Texas added over 4 million residents and gained 3 congressional seats. Since the last census, Texas has added over 3.5 million and is well positioned to gain at least two additional congressional seats after 2020.
  • It’s about federal dollars.

    The distribution of more than $675 billion in federal funds, grants, and support to states, counties, and communities are based on census data. This money is spent on schools, hospitals, roads, public works, and other vital programs. An undercount of the Texas population of just 1% could translate to a loss of $300 million in federal funding for the state and Texans.
  • It’s about our businesses and communities.

    Businesses drive our fast growing economy and are the population engine of many of our communities in Texas. These businesses use Census data to understand customer needs and where to locate, creating economic opportunities for our communities. In 2016, Texas received $59.4 billion in federal funding derived from Census data. These dollars support housing, transportation, education, health, and other services that direct improve the quality of life for all Texans.
  • It's about data.

    The 2020 decennial census data will serve as the base for nearly all demographic and socio-economic statistics for the next 10 years. The quality of these data is directly linked to a complete and accurate count in 2020.

Census 101

Census, What you need to know

The first census was conducted in 1790, as required by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.

The goal of the decennial census is to get a complete count of all residents of the United States. This means counting everyone once, only once, and in the right place.

Census records are kept confidential for 72 years until they are released by the National Archives.

About Census

Census 2020 (#2020Census)

What to expect

Census 2020 at a Glance Font page thumbnail

Respond

Census 2020 at a Glance Font page thumbnail

How to respond

For the first time, households will be able to submit response to the census online.

  • Online Icon Online
  • Mail Icon Mail
  • Phone Icon Phone
Keyboard with Jobs button on it.

Join the Census team!

In advance of the 2020 Census, the U.S. Census Bureau is recruiting thousands of people across the country. A large share of these jobs will be right here in Texas.

Hard to Count Areas

Census research has shown some populations historically have been, or are at risk of being, missed in the census at disproportionately higher rates. The latest estimates indicate approximately 25%, or nearly 7 million, of Texans live in hard to count neighborhoods. For the first time, households will be able to submit response to the census online. In 2017, nearly 20% of Texas households had either no internet access or dial-up only. Here are some of the areas that are hard to count:

Texas Interactive Map of Hard to Count Areas

Click on each "Hard to Count" category to see description.

People of color

Texas has the second largest number of Hispanics and African Americans and third largest number of Asian populations of all states in the U.S.

Children Under 5

An estimated 5 percent, or about 2.2 million, of kids under the age of 5 were not counted in the 2010 Census, including about 75,000 Texas children. [Read more...]

Renters

Over one in three Texas households are renter-occupied.

Larger Households

Approximately 5% of Texas households are considered crowded households, where more than 1 person per room is living in the household.

Single-Parent Households

An estimated 1.2 million Texas households are single-parent households, and all of these households are households with children under 18 years of age.

Immigrants

An estimated 4.85 million foreign born reside in Texas and make up 17% of the total state population.

Low-Income Populations

Texas leads the nation in population living below poverty. An estimated 14.7%, or over 4 million Texans live below the poverty level, and an additional 20%, or over 5 million people, live just above the poverty level, with incomes between 100 and 200% of the poverty level.

People with Limited English Proficiency

Approximately 8% of Texas households are limited English speaking households, with 85% of these households speaking Spanish, 9% speaking an Asian or Pacific Islander language, 4% speaking Indo-European languages, and 2% speaking other languages.

People Living in Multi-Family Housing

Nearly 1 in 4 Texas housing units are in buildings with 2 or more units and 15% of Texas housing units are in buildings with 10 or more units.

Census Timeline

Complete Count Committees

Count Committee Report Thumbnail

A Texas-sized census count will take a lot of coordination. Many local communities are already working hard to ensure a complete count for their area. Tell us what’s happening in your community?

  • Amarillo/Potter County
  • Austin/Travis County
  • Corpus Christi
  • Dallas-Fort Worth area
  • El Paso County
  • Houston
  • Laredo
  • Rio Grande Valley
  • San Antonio

Statewide Efforts

Texas statewide complete count committee led by the Office of the Texas Secretary of State.

Census 2020 Geography

LUCA

Local Update of Census Addresses Operation – once a decade, voluntary opportunity for tribal, state, and local governments to review Census Bureau addresses and provide new and updated existing addresses to be included in the decennial census. –Completed.

PSAP

Participant Statistical Areas Program – once a decade, voluntary opportunity for state and local governments to review and update selected Census Bureau geographies, including census tracts, block groups, and census designated places. – On-going. Contact us or attend one of our webinars to get involved.

Count Review

Count review provides the opportunity for states to contribute to the accuracy and completeness of the Census count by identifying potentially missing housing units and missing or misallocated group quarters. After the 2010 Census, the Texas Demographic Center was able to identify 10,000 potentially missing housing units. – On-going. Contact us for more information.

New Construction Program

The New Construction Program provides the opportunity for states and local governments to submit city-style mailing addresses for new units where construction began during or after March 1, 2018 and the address was not submitted to the Census Bureau as part of another geographic program. – On-going. Contact us for more information.

Resources