The first census was conducted in 1790, as required by Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution.
The goal of the decennial census is to get a complete count of all residents of the United States. This means counting everyone once, only once, and in the right place.
Census records are kept confidential for 72 years until they are released by the National Archives.
Census research has shown some populations historically have been, or are at risk of being, missed in the census at disproportionately higher rates. The latest estimates indicate approximately 25%, or nearly 7 million, of Texans live in hard to count neighborhoods. For the first time, households will be able to submit response to the census online. In 2017, nearly 20% of Texas households had either no internet access or dial-up only. Here are some of the areas that are hard to count:
A Texas-sized census count will take a lot of coordination. Many local communities are already working hard to ensure a complete count for their area. Tell us what’s happening in your community?
Local Update of Census Addresses Operation – once a decade, voluntary opportunity for tribal, state, and local governments to review Census Bureau addresses and provide new and updated existing addresses to be included in the decennial census. –Completed.
Participant Statistical Areas Program – once a decade, voluntary opportunity for state and local governments to review and update selected Census Bureau geographies, including census tracts, block groups, and census designated places. – On-going. Contact us or attend one of our webinars to get involved.
Count review provides the opportunity for states to contribute to the accuracy and completeness of the Census count by identifying potentially missing housing units and missing or misallocated group quarters. After the 2010 Census, the Texas Demographic Center was able to identify 10,000 potentially missing housing units. – On-going. Contact us for more information.
The New Construction Program provides the opportunity for states and local governments to submit city-style mailing addresses for new units where construction began during or after March 1, 2018 and the address was not submitted to the Census Bureau as part of another geographic program. – On-going. Contact us for more information.