The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey that provides vital information on a yearly basis about our nation and its people. Information from the survey generates data that help determine how more than $675 billion in federal and state funds are distributed each year. Through the ACS, we know more about jobs and occupations, educational attainment, veterans, whether people own or rent their homes, and other topics. Public officials, planners, and entrepreneurs use this information to assess the past and plan the future.
The 2010 census questionnaire was one of the shortest in history - asking just 10 questions of all households in the United States and Island Areas related to name, gender, age, race, ethnicity, relationship, and whether you own or rent your home. Collection of data about education, housing, jobs, etc. collected by previous censuses long-form questionnaires are now collected by the U.S. Census Bureau's annual American Community Survey. The first round of data from the 2010 Census were released on December 21, 2010. The second round of data for the state of Texas was released on February 17, 2011.
Data.census.gov is another great resource for demographic information. Data.census.gov provides quick access to population data for cities/towns, counties, zip codes, states, and many other geographies, and includes multiple data sources. Data.census.gov includes data from the 2010 Census, Census 2000, American Community Survey, the Economic Census, and Population Estimates.
The Census is mandated in Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The mandate requires the administration of a census of the population every 10 years. The Census was meant to be a tool to ensure that the U.S. House of Representatives provided equal representation to all persons. In addition to Congressional representation, Census data are also used to allocate federal grant funds to states and sometimes state funds to counties and places.
The Census Bureau’s Denver Regional Office is responsible for all data collection, data dissemination, and geographic operations for Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming.