Lloyd Potter
Texas State Demographer

Texas Population Estimates Program

The Texas Population Estimates Program produces annual estimates of the total populations of counties and places in the state. Estimates of county populations are also available by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. Finalized population estimates are published on our TDC website the first week of November every year.

Find information about the U.S. Census Bureau's 2023 Population and Housing Unit Estimates.

2021 Population Estimates

Final population estimates for counties and places are now available for July 1, 2021 and January 1, 2022. Due to delays in the 2020 data releases from the Census Bureau, the 2021 estimates will not include data by age, sex, and race/ethnicity. These variables will be included in future releases.

If you have downloaded the preliminary estimates, please note that we have made changes to our final estimates based on the feedback and new information we have received since the release of the preliminary estimates. The final estimates may be accessed from the files below.

Map of Texas with different colored counties


New Residential Housing in Texas, 2021

The Texas Demographic Center collects building permit data for residential housing to estimate population change for Texas cities and counties. The 2021 new residential housing data aligns with the state’s population growth trends within the Texas Triangle.

Access 2021 Population Estimates

Total Population by County PDF CSV
Total Population by Place PDF CSV
Total Population By Metropolitan Statistical Area PDF CSV
Total Population By Council of Governments PDF CSV
Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity for State and Counties CSV
Total Population
Age, Sex, and Race/Ethnicity
Customizing Tool
Download Tool

Texas Population Estimates Annual Surveys

The Texas Demographic Center's Texas Population Estimates and Projections Program, overseen by the State Demographer, conducts surveys to create population estimates for the State of Texas in compliance with Chapter 468 of the Texas Government Code. These estimates are crucial for a wide range of users, including state agencies, policymakers, local governments, and private enterprises, to effectively plan and secure the resources and funding meet the needs of Texans. The accuracy and availability of these population estimates depend on the cooperation of the survey respondents.

Information from Texas counties, cities, and educational institutions is collected through five annual surveys from October to February.

  • Higher Education Survey - collects enrollment totals and the number of students living on campus from higher education institutions.
  • Private School Survey -collects enrollment totals for students in grades 1-8.
  • Annexation & Boundary Survey - collects information related to boundary changes that may affect the population from incorporated places.
  • New Residential Units Surveys (Incorporated Places/Unincorporated Areas) - collect information from cities and counties concerning new residential housing units in the incorporated places and unincorporated areas.